Perfume Strengths Explained

With the seemingly countless variations of fragrances available to buy today its understandable that people can get confused with the concentration levels of a perfume. The fragrance concentration of a particular perfume refers to the fragrance’s strength. The higher the concentration the more pure the fragrance – it contains a greater amount of perfume oils and less alcohol, therefore the cost of the fragrance is greater. Also the greater the concentration of perfume oils the greater the lasting power on the wearers skin (usually referred to as tenacity).

Simply put;

  • Parfum – Concentration of perfume oils – 20-40%
  • Eau de Parfum – Concentration of perfume oils – 15-20%
  • Eau de Toilette – Concentration of perfume oils – 5-15%
  • Eau de Cologne – Concentration of perfume oils – 2-5%
  • Eau Fraîche – Concentration of perfume oils – 1-3%

Parfum

Parfum has the highest concentration of perfume oils (between 20 – 40%) and because of this has a longer staying power than the weaker variations. Due to this, Parfum generally is the most expensive but can usually last on the skin for six to eight hours.

Eau de Parfum

Eau de Parfum has the next highest concentration of perfume oils normally around 15 -20%. Lasting slightly less on the skin at around four to five hours. As the oil level drops then there is more alcohol added therefore making EDP less expensive than pure Parfum. This variation is one of the most popular as is often used for fragrances that are worn during the evening or a night out.

Eau de Toilette

Eau de Toilette is slightly cheaper than Eau de Parfum due again to the drop in perfume oil (5 – 15%) and the increase in added alcohol. The lasting power of EDT also drops and on average is somewhere between three to four hours (depending on skin type). It is one of the most popular strengths and is often the favourite strength that is worn during the day.

Eau de Cologne

Eau de Cologne, also known as EDC has a lower level of concentration than that of Eau de Toilette at around 2 – 5%, because of this it’s lasting power drops to somewhere around two hours.

Eau de Fraiche

Eau Fraiche has a perfume oil level at around 1 – 3%, lower than EDC, however it doesn’t contain a larger amount of alcohol instead this additional ingredient is mostly water.

Fragrance Notes

The perfumes that you can purchase will generally be composed of various ‘fragrance notes’. These notes are layered within the perfume by the experienced perfumer to create the distinct ‘bouquet’ of the fragrance.

Most perfumes will be composed of three distinct notes;

Top

This is the scent that is apparent immediately upon spraying the fragrance. This has the least longevity.

Middle

Also known as the ‘heart note’ becomes more apparent as the top note dissipates. This note makes up the basis for the fragrance as a whole. The most notable part.

Base

Finally after the scent has been worn for a while the base note – a more richer scent will appear – often mentioned as the scent that appears during the ‘dry down’ of the perfume.

Fragrance Wheel

Fragrances are classified with regard to their most predominant scent – this can be illustrated by a ‘fragrance wheel’.

jasmine
jasmine

Floral Family

Floral

Jasmine, Gardenia, Tuberose

White Flowers
White Flowers

Floral Family

Soft Floral

Rose, Iris, Vanilla

White Pepper
White Pepper

Floral Family

Oriental Floral

Perpper, Spices

Amber Frangrance
Amber Frangrance

Oriental Family

Soft Oriental

Musk, Amber, Incense

Cinnamon
Cinnamon

Oriental Family

Oriental

Cinnanom, Cloves

Patchouli Leaf
Patchouli Leaf

Oriental Family

Woody Oriental

Sandalwood, Patchouli

cedar
cedar

Woody Family

Wood

Cedar

Oakmoss
Oakmoss

Woody Family

Mossy Woods

Oakmoss

Leather
Leather

Woody Family

Dry Woods

Leather, Tobacco

Citrus Fruits
Citrus Fruits

Fresh Family

Citrus

Lemon, Orange, Grapefruit

Greenery
Greenery

Fresh Family

Green

Leaves, Herbs

Sea Water
Sea Water

Fresh Family

Water

Marine

Questions?

Please contact us if you have any questions regarding the women and men’s perfumes, aftershaves and fragrance we offer.

sales@scentstore.com